Yea Bub - Law of Etiquette
In martial arts training, etiquette is without a doubt the
most important and fundamental element. In training, first,
one controls and composes the body. Second, one regulates
the breath. Third, one quiets the mind. Through the practice
and understanding of the mutual correlation of body, breath,
and mind, one begins the training of martial arts and an understanding
of proper mind and spirit. This proper mind is carried over
to human relations and is cultivated through the practice
of martial arts. Learning how to defend oneself is surely
important in martial arts, but etiquette, the manifestation
of the proper mind, is prized much more. Yea Bub is the essential
core of a martial artist. Without it there will be no difference
between martial artists and street fighters.
Sim Bub - Law of the Mind
The actions of the mind move the body. The actions of the
body can move the mind. Sim Bub is the practice of the harmonious
development of the mind and body and an understanding of how
one effects the other. Through meditation, self-reflection,
and martial arts (which are all elements of sim bub), one
can overcome shackling factors such as anxiety, nervousness,
fear, startledness, arrogance, and hesitation. Sim bub allows
one to be free of these limiting factors and develops sound
judgement, apt decision making, patience, courage, understanding,
and indomitable spirit. It teaches the ability to maintain
a harmonious mind under all different situations. Sim bub
allows martial artists to break through their inhibitions
and demonstrate their true ability. More importantly, sim
bub that is learned through martial arts are naturally extended
and applied to other parts of life. Sim bub links martial
arts to all other aspects of life.
Ki Bub - Law of Ki
Macroscopically, Ki is the source of the universe and microscopically,
it is the source of human life. Ki training in martial arts
involves the absorption of the universal life energy through
respiration. The purpose of respiration in martial arts lies
not only on improvement of health but also enhancement of
martial arts skills. Ki Bub teaches martial artist the ability
to harness Ki as well as the ability to radiate it to specific
areas of the body. If Ki Bub is utilized in self-defense techniques,
whether it be kicking, striking, locking, throwing, and weapons,
the effectiveness will dramatically improve. All martial artist
must study KI Bub. Without the development of Ki, advanced
levels of martial arts cannot be reached. Students learn methods
of respiration, ki gathering, ki focusing, ki chae jo (ki
exercises for health), and application of ki in training.
Shin Bub - Law of the Body
Following the principles of Um and Yang, Shin Bub is the correct
usage of the body in martial arts. It incorporates those concepts
inherent within physiology, biomechanics, and physics. Shin
Bub allows Ki to flow freely, develops physical fitness, and
enhances martial arts ability. It teaches martial artist to
unite body movement, technique, breath, and Ki. Furthermore,
it teaches the transference of power, usage of power, and
control and shifting of power. It is the coordination of aforementioned
factors to produce optimal ability.
Ahn Bub - Law of the Eyes
Eyes are used by all martial artists to see the movement of
the opponent. However, Ahn Bub develops this basic idea to
a higher level. Sight is important but through sight, one
can also perceive, feel, predict, nullify, and entice an opponent.
Ahn Bub teaches one to perceive the part to see the whole,
and at the same time, to see the whole to perceive the part.
It is a crucial part of martial arts that should not be neglected.
Bo Bub - Law of Movement
It is a fundamental element of martial arts training that
requires the most attention. It teaches one to flow freely
from offense to defense and from defense to offense. Also,
it includes concepts such as weight shifting, balance, balance
disruption, distance control, covering distance, finding the
gap, and guiding the opponent. Generally, front and back,
left and right, criss-cross, eight direction, spinning and
turning, and combination movements are used.
Soo Bub - Law of the Hand
Various hand positions are used to strike specific areas of
the body such as vital spots, pressure points, soft tissues,
and joints. Jung Kwon(fist), Kwak Kwon(back fist), Soo Do(knifehand),
Yuk Soo Do(reverse knife hand), Kwan Soo(spearhand), Il Ji(one
finger), Ee Ji(two finger), Joong Ji(middle knuckle fist)
are developed through training and conditioning. At higher
levels of training, Pyung Soo or Jang Bub (palm technique)
and Chul Sa Jang(iron palm) are used. Soo Bub is naturally
connected together with Sin Bub, Ahn Bub, Bo Bub, and Ki Bub.
Jok Sool - Leg Techniques
Various foot positions are used to strike specific areas of
the body such as vital spots, pressure points, soft tissue,
and joints. Moreover, Jok Sool can be used sweep, trip, lock,
trap, and choke an opponent. It includes linear, arcing, spinning,
jumping, sweeping, hooking, choking, combination, double,
triple, obstacle, and specialty kicks.
You Sool - Soft Techniques
Also called Ho Sin Sool in Korean, it refers to locking, throwing,
pressing, pinning, breaking, and choking techniques used against
various types of attacks. You Sool techniques emphasize the
principles of Yoo(Flow), Won,(Circle), and Wha(Harmony) in
defense and attack. It teaches one to flow with the opponent
and to use the strength of the opponent against him, to understand
the strengths and weaknesses of linear, arcing, and circular
motions, and to harmonize mind, body, KI, and technique. Furthermore,
joints and pressure points are manipulated using these principles
to give a distinct advantage in self-defense.
Yun Hang Sool - Arresting (escort) Techniques
Yoo Sool techniques are specifically designed to manipulate
joints and pressure points to arrest and escort opponents
without causing serious injury to the opponent.
Po Bak Sool - Rope (tying) Techniques
Various lengths of rope, handkerchief, belt, and other materials
are used to tie, choke, throw, and bind an opponent.
Boo Chae Sool - Fan Techniques
Fans made of different material from bamboo to steel are used
to strike, stab, slash, and lock opponents. One's power must
be focused at the fan and maximum speed must be used to increase
Dan Jang Sool (Ji Pang Ee) - Cane Techniques
A cane is used to stop and block an opponent's attack. Also,
striking, locking, throwing, hooking techniques are used to
subdue an opponent.
Bong Sool - Staff Techniques
Staffs of different lengths are used to strike, stab, block,
choke, and lock opponents. Students learn the methods of spinning,
striking, stance, forms, and sparring.
Gum Bub - Law of the Sword
Jung Gum (straight sword), Yuk Gum (reverse grip sword), Dan
Gum (short sword), Ssang Gum (double sword) techniques are
generally used to cut, strike, stab, and slash opponents.
Students learn the methods of etiquette, cutting, stances,
forms, meditation, and sparring. Training progresses from
Jook Do (bamboo sword), Mok Gum (wooden word), and Jin Gum
Hyung - Forms
It is a training method devised for individuals to practice
the techniques of offense and defense against imaginary opponents..
Moreover, it teaches proper balance, concentration, breathing,
rhythm, focus, Sim Bub, Ki Bub, and Shin Bub. In order to
truly understand and appreciate a form, one must repeat it
at least three thousand times.
Dae Ryun - Sparring
Sparring is a training method to test one's skill against
an actual opponent. It promotes timing, distance, effectiveness
of techniques, spirit, endurance, toughness, flexibility.
There are many methods of sparring, ranging from competitive
sparring to actual combative sparring. Moreover, sparring
methods include one to one, one to two, one to multiple opponents.
Nak Bub - Law of Falling
It teaches proper body movement and positioning to prevent
injury when one falls or is thrown. Falling techniques include
front, back, side, rolling, jumping , obstacle, specialty
as well as gymnastics. It conditions and toughens the body,
develops coordination and body awareness, and teaches methods
of escape against techniques.
Kyuk Pa Sool - Breaking Techniques
It teaches methods of breaking to test one's technique, concentration,
power, and speed. Breaking methods include power breaking,
speed breaking, and demonstration breaking.
Mom Pul Gi - Body Stretching
It teaches methods of stretching and relaxing body muscles
and joints to increase flexibility, to reduce stress, improve
health, and reduce injury.